Related research

Below are links to a selection of academic studies on accentism and linguistic discrimination more generally. They investigate language-based judgements in legal, institutional, and educational contexts, as well as in language-learning settings themselves. In many cases, the studies emphasise the fact that language can be used as a vehicle for making racial and other social judgements. Some articles require institutional access through a university. Please contact us if you don’t have access to something you need.


Hoffman, V., Kalluri, P. R., Jurafsky, D., & King, S. (2024).  Dialect prejudice predicts AI decisions about people’s character, employability, and criminality. [access here]

Braber, N., Ching, J., Jarman, J., Robson, J., & Stevens, O. (2023). Accentism at the Bar. [access here – presentation]

Śliwa, M., Aguzzoli, R., Brewster, C., & Lengler, J. (2023). Workplace accentism as a postcolonial and intersectional phenomenon: The experiences of Brazilians in Portugal. Human Relations. [access here]

Dovchin, S., & Dryden, S. (2022). Unequal English accents, covert accentism and EAL migrants in Australia. International Journal of the Sociology of Language2022(277), 33-46. [access here]

Romero-Rivas, C., Morgan, C., & Collier, T. (2022). Accentism on trial: Categorization/stereotyping and implicit biases predict harsher sentences for foreign-accented defendants. Journal of Language and Social Psychology41(2), 191-208. [access here]

Dryden, S., & Dovchin, S. (2021). Accentism: English LX users of migrant background in Australia. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1-13. [access here]

Hegarty, P. (2020). Strangers and states: Situating accentism in a world of nations. Journal of Language and Social Psychology39(1), 172-179. [access here]

Formanowicz, M., & Suitner, C. (2020). Sounding strange (r): Origins, consequences, and boundary conditions of sociophonetic discrimination. Journal of Language and Social Psychology39(1), 4-21. [access here]

Roessel, J., Schoel, C., & Stahlberg, D. (2020). Modern notions of accent-ism: Findings, conceptualizations, and implications for interventions and research on nonnative accents. Journal of Language and Social Psychology39(1), 87-111. [access here]

McKenzie, R. M., & Carrie, E. (2018). Implicit–explicit attitudinal discrepancy and the investigation of language attitude change in progress. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development39(9), 830-844. [access here]

Baratta, A. (2017). Accent and linguistic prejudice within British teacher training. Journal of language, identity & education16(6), 416-423. [access here]

Timming, A. R. (2017). The effect of foreign accent on employability: A study of the aural dimensions of aesthetic labour in customer-facing and non-customer-facing jobs. Work, employment and society31(3), 409-428. [access here]

Reinares-Lara, E., Martín-Santana, J. D., & Muela-Molina, C. (2016). The effects of accent, differentiation, and stigmatization on spokesperson credibility in radio advertising. Journal of Global Marketing29(1), 15-28. [access here]

Wang, Z., Arndt, A. D., Singh, S. N., Biernat, M., & Liu, F. (2013). “You Lost Me at Hello”: How and when accent-based biases are expressed and suppressed. International Journal of Research in Marketing30(2), 185-196. [access here]

Hosoda, M., & Stone‐Romero, E. (2010). The effects of foreign accents on employment‐related decisions. Journal of Managerial Psychology25(2), 113-132. [access here]

Lev-Ari, S., & Keysar, B. (2010). Why don’t we believe non-native speakers? The influence of accent on credibility. Journal of experimental social psychology46(6), 1093-1096. [access here]

Gluszek, A., & Dovidio, J. F. (2010). Speaking with a nonnative accent: Perceptions of bias, communication difficulties, and belonging in the United States. Journal of Language and Social Psychology29(2), 224-234. [access here]

Munro, M. J., Derwing, T. M., & Sato, K. (2006). Salient accents, covert attitudes: Consciousness-raising for pre-service second language teachers. Prospect21(1), 67-79. [access here]

Dixon, J. A., Mahoney, B., & Cocks, R. (2002). Accents of guilt? Effects of regional accent, race, and crime type on attributions of guilt. Journal of Language and Social Psychology21(2), 162-168. [access here]

Amin, N. (1997). Race and the identity of the nonnative ESL teacher. TESOL quarterly31(3), 580-583. [access here]

Nguyen, B. B. D. (1993). Accent discrimination and the test of spoken English: A call for an objective assessment of the comprehensibility of nonnative speakers. California Law Review.81, 1325. [access here]

Matsuda, M. J. (1991). Voices of America: Accent, antidiscrimination law, and a jurisprudence for the last reconstruction. Yale Law Journal, 1329-1407. [access here]


The Journal of Language and Discrimination


Accent Bias Britain